In this issue, you'll learn how to run multiple SQL Server Express User Instances and use the T-SQL RESTORE command. I also mention a Web site that provides connection strings for many database products.
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======= Contents ======================
August 7, 2006
Resources and Events
Featured White Paper
New SQL Server Express Product
Exclusive Email Offers
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1. ==== Commentary ====================
An Instance of Understanding
by Michael Otey
User Instances is a feature that makes SQL Server 2005 Express different from other SQL Server editions. Before I explain User Instances, you need to understand that a SQL Server instance is essentially an in-memory occurrence of the sqlservr.exe executable program. Different SQL Server editions support different numbers of instances. For example, the SQL Server 2005 Enterprise Edition supports 50 instances, and the SQL Server 2005 Standard, Workgroup, and Express editions each support 16 instances. Each instance runs separately and has its own set of databases that aren't shared by any other instance. Client applications connect to each instance by using the instance name.
Typically, the first SQL Server instance you install becomes the "default" instance. The default instance uses the name of the computer on which it's installed. You can assign a name to subsequent instance installations, so they're called "named" instances. During the installation process, you can assign any name to a named instance. Client applications that want to connect to an instance use the
As with the other SQL Server editions, SQL Server Express supports the default instance and named instances, but SQL Server Express uses SQLExpress as the default instance name rather than the name of the computer system.
In addition to regular SQL Server instances, SQL Server Express also supports User Instances. User instances are similar to named instances, but SQL Server Express creates user instances dynamically, and these instances have different limitations. When you install SQL Server Express, you have the option of enabling User Instances. By default, User Instances aren't enabled. After installation, you can enter the sp_configure command in SQL Server Management Studio Express (SSMSE) or the sqlcmd tool by using the following syntax:
sp_configure 'user instances enabled','1'
To disable User Instance support, replace 1 with a 0 in the sp_configure command.
User Instances were designed to make deploying databases along with applications easier. User Instances let users create a database instance on demand even if they don't have administrative rights. To utilize User Instances, the application's connection string needs to use the attachdbfilename and user instance keywords as follows:
Data Source=.\SQLExpress;integrated security=true;
When an application opens a connection to a SQL Server Express database in which User Instances are enabled and the application uses the attachdbfilename and user instance keywords, SQL Server Express copies the master and msdb databases to the user's directory. SQL Server Express starts a new instance of the sqlserver.exe program and SQL Server Express attaches the database named in the attachdbfilename keyword to the new instance.
Unlike common SQL Server instances, SQL Server Express User Instances have some limitations. User Instances don't allow network connections, only local connections. As you might expect with the network-access restriction, User Instances don't support replication or distributed queries to remote databases. In addition, Windows integrated authentication is required. For more information about SQL Server Express and User Instances you can read the Microsoft article "SQL Server 2005 Express Edition User Instances" at
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2. ==== Features =======================
Jump Start: Database Restore
by Michael Otey
A good data-protection plan involves two core activities: backup and restore. In "Backing Up Your Database" (in the archive at http://www.sqlmag.com/Article/ArticleID/93004/sql_server_93004.html )I explain how to use T-SQL commands to back up your SQL Server 2005 Express databases. Although you can use SQL Server Management Studio Express (SSMSE) to back up your databases, T-SQL also lets you automate and schedule backups.
In this article, I cover basic full-backup restore. Before jumping into the T-SQL RESTORE commands, I should point out that similar to SQL Server 2005, SQL Server Express supports multiple types of backup and restore options including full, differential, and log backups.
As with the SQL Server Express database backup options, you can restore a database by using either SSMSE or T-SQL commands from SQLCMD or Query Editor. In "Backing Up Your Database," I used T-SQL commands to show you how to back up a database, so I'll show you the T-SQL RESTORE commands in this article. The following code restores the MediaCollection database from a previous full-database-backup disk file named MediaBackup.bak:
RESTORE DATABASE MediaCollection
FROM DISK =
'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\BACKUP\ MediaBackup.bak'
As you can see, the RESTORE command for a full backup is straightforward. You provide the name of the database you want to restore after the RESTORE DATABASE command, the name of the disk backup file, followed by the FROM DISK = clause. It's that simple.
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Check It Out: Connection String Resource
by Michael Otey
When you're writing client applications for SQL Server Express (or any other database for that matter), you always need to use the proper syntax for the connection string that your application uses to connect to a database. One handy resource site that provides connection strings for many database products is http://www.connectionstrings.com . If you aren’t familiar with this Web site, you should check it out.
3. ==== Resources and Events ===========
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5. === New SQL Server Express Product ===
Easily Encrypt Database Objects
by Blake Eno
Ecatenate announced dbLockdown 2.0, a solution that helps you secure your SQL Server 2005 and SQL Server 2005 Express intellectual property. dbLockdown's interface lets you see all database objects across your enterprise and Internet servers. You can encrypt stored procedures, views, user-defined functions (UDFs), database triggers, and server triggers in one or more servers and databases. Each database object that's encrypted is automatically archived for easy retrieval. dbLockdown also lets you edit the T-SQL script for database objects. For more information, contact Ecatenate at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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